如何根据版本制作属于自己的puppet yum源

童鞋们在使用puppetlabs yum源安装puppet的时候,会被选则最新版的puppet版本进行安装,而在我们正在的生产环境的时候,并不需要最新版本,而是我们制定的一个版本,然后不同的版本依赖的包也不一样,这样种种的问题应该如何搞定呢,又应该如何制定自己的yum源呢。

以RHEL5.7为例

1、先将对应的光盘创建为本地源

[root@agent2 yum.repos.d]# cat base.repo 
[rhel-base]
name=RHEL5.7 base 
baseurl=file:///media/cdrom/Server
enabled=1
gpgcheck=0
priority=1

2、安装制作yum仓库的软件包和yum-priorities管理包

[root@agent2 yum.repos.d]# yum install createrepo yum-priorities
[root@agent2 yum.repos.d]# rpm -qa | egrep  "createrepo|yum-priorities"
yum-priorities-1.1.16-16.el5
createrepo-0.4.11-3.el5

3、去puppetlabs官网yum.puppetlabs.com下载对应的puppet安装包到本地

[root@agent2 puppet]# wget http://yum.puppetlabs.com/el/57/products/x86_64/puppet-2.7.25-1.el5.noarch.rpm
[root@agent2 puppet]# wget http://yum.puppetlabs.com/el/57/products/x86_64/puppet-server-2.7.25-1.el5.noarch.rpm
[root@agent2 puppet]# wget http://yum.puppetlabs.com/el/57/products/x86_64/facter-1.7.4-1.el5.x86_64.rpm
[root@agent2 puppet]# ll
total 1272
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root   88979 Dec 18  2013 facter-1.7.4-1.el5.x86_64.rpm
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1175323 Jan  7  2014 puppet-2.7.25-1.el5.noarch.rpm
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root   25374 Jan  7  2014 puppet-server-2.7.25-1.el5.noarch.rpm

备注:rhel6上没有rubygems rpm包,需要在以下网址去下载http://rubyforge.org/projects/rubygems/

4、本地制作puppet源

[root@agent2 puppet]# createrepo .
3/3 - puppet-2.7.25-1.el5.noarch.rpm                                            
Saving Primary metadata
Saving file lists metadata
Saving other metadata
[root@agent2 puppet]# ll
total 1276
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root   88979 Dec 18  2013 facter-1.7.4-1.el5.x86_64.rpm
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1175323 Jan  7  2014 puppet-2.7.25-1.el5.noarch.rpm
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root   25374 Jan  7  2014 puppet-server-2.7.25-1.el5.noarch.rpm
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root    4096 Oct  2 10:43 repodata

5、编写puppet的repo文件

[root@agent2 yum.repos.d]# cat puppet.repo 
[puppet]
name=puppet for rhel5.7 
baseurl=file:///puppet
enabled=1
gpgcheck=0
priority=2 #设置优先级为本地光盘源之后

6、安装官方puppetlabs源

[root@agent2 ~]# wget yum.puppetlabs.com/el/57/products/x86_64/puppetlabs-release-5-7.noarch.rpm
[root@agent2 ~]# rpm -vih puppetlabs-release-5-7.noarch.rpm 
[root@agent2 ~]# ll /etc/yum.repos.d/
total 16
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root   98 Oct  2 10:45 base.repo
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1250 Apr 13 06:41 puppetlabs.repo #由官方源安装而成
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root   90 Oct  2 10:44 puppet.repo
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root   67 Oct  2 10:37 redhat.repo

7、修改puppetlabs源优先级

[root@agent2 ~]# cat /etc/yum.repos.d/puppetlabs.repo 
[puppetlabs-products]
name=Puppet Labs Products El 5 - $basearch
baseurl=http://yum.puppetlabs.com/el/5/products/$basearch
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-puppetlabs
enabled=1
gpgcheck=1
priority=3 #设置优先级最低

[puppetlabs-deps]
name=Puppet Labs Dependencies El 5 - $basearch
baseurl=http://yum.puppetlabs.com/el/5/dependencies/$basearch
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-puppetlabs
enabled=1
gpgcheck=1
priority=3 #设置优先级最低

[puppetlabs-devel]
name=Puppet Labs Devel El 5 - $basearch
baseurl=http://yum.puppetlabs.com/el/5/devel/$basearch
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-puppetlabs
enabled=0
gpgcheck=1

[puppetlabs-products-source]
name=Puppet Labs Products El 5 - $basearch - Source
baseurl=http://yum.puppetlabs.com/el/5/products/SRPMS
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-puppetlabs
failovermethod=priority
enabled=0
gpgcheck=1

[puppetlabs-deps-source]
name=Puppet Labs Source Dependencies El 5 - $basearch - Source
baseurl=http://yum.puppetlabs.com/el/5/dependencies/SRPMS
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-puppetlabs
enabled=0
gpgcheck=1

[puppetlabs-devel-source]
name=Puppet Labs Devel El 5 - $basearch - Source
baseurl=http://yum.puppetlabs.com/el/5/devel/SRPMS
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-puppetlabs
enabled=0
gpgcheck=1

8、修改yum保存下载的安装包为本地缓存

[root@agent2 ~]#vi /etc/yum.conf
[main]
cachedir=/var/cache/yum
keepcache=1 #设置保存下载的软件缓存
debuglevel=2
logfile=/var/log/yum.log
distroverpkg=redhat-release
tolerant=1
exactarch=1
obsoletes=1
gpgcheck=1
plugins=1

# Note: yum-RHN-plugin doesn't honor this.
metadata_expire=1h

# Default.
# installonly_limit = 3

# PUT YOUR REPOS HERE OR IN separate files named file.repo
# in /etc/yum.repos.d

9、安装puppet软件

yum会按照制定的优先级去搜索,由于自定义puppet源比官方源优先级高,所以会优先选择自定义的puppet源中的安装包版本

[root@agent2 ~]# yum clean all
Loaded plugins: priorities, product-id, security, subscription-manager
Updating Red Hat repositories.
Cleaning up Everything

[root@agent2 ~]# yum install puppet
Loaded plugins: priorities, product-id, security, subscription-manager
Updating Red Hat repositories.
puppet                                                                                            |  951 B     00:00     
puppet/primary                                                                                    | 1.7 kB     00:00     
puppet                                                                                                               3/3
puppetlabs-deps                                                                                   | 1.9 kB     00:00     
puppetlabs-deps/primary_db                                                                        |  43 kB     00:00     
puppetlabs-products                                                                               | 1.9 kB     00:00     
puppetlabs-products/primary_db                                                                    |  95 kB     00:03     
rhel-base                                                                                         | 1.5 kB     00:00     
rhel-base/primary                                                                                 | 913 kB     00:00     
rhel-base                                                                                                      3261/3261
157 packages excluded due to repository priority protections
Setting up Install Process
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package puppet.noarch 0:2.7.25-1.el5 set to be updated
--> Processing Dependency: facter < 1:2.0 for package: puppet
--> Processing Dependency: ruby(abi) >= 1.8 for package: puppet
--> Processing Dependency: facter >= 1.5 for package: puppet
--> Processing Dependency: ruby >= 1.8.5 for package: puppet
--> Processing Dependency: ruby-shadow for package: puppet
--> Processing Dependency: /usr/bin/ruby for package: puppet
--> Processing Dependency: ruby-augeas for package: puppet
--> Processing Dependency: libselinux-ruby for package: puppet
--> Running transaction check
---> Package facter.x86_64 1:1.7.4-1.el5 set to be updated
---> Package libselinux-ruby.x86_64 0:1.33.4-5.7.el5 set to be updated
---> Package ruby.x86_64 0:1.8.5-19.el5_6.1 set to be updated
---> Package ruby-augeas.x86_64 0:0.4.1-2.el5 set to be updated
--> Processing Dependency: augeas-libs >= 0.8.0 for package: ruby-augeas
--> Processing Dependency: libaugeas.so.0(AUGEAS_0.8.0)(64bit) for package: ruby-augeas
--> Processing Dependency: libaugeas.so.0(AUGEAS_0.11.0)(64bit) for package: ruby-augeas
--> Processing Dependency: libaugeas.so.0(AUGEAS_0.10.0)(64bit) for package: ruby-augeas
--> Processing Dependency: libaugeas.so.0(AUGEAS_0.1.0)(64bit) for package: ruby-augeas
--> Processing Dependency: libaugeas.so.0(AUGEAS_0.12.0)(64bit) for package: ruby-augeas
--> Processing Dependency: libaugeas.so.0()(64bit) for package: ruby-augeas
---> Package ruby-libs.x86_64 0:1.8.5-19.el5_6.1 set to be updated
---> Package ruby-shadow.x86_64 0:1.4.1-8.el5 set to be updated
--> Running transaction check
---> Package augeas-libs.x86_64 0:0.10.0-4.el5 set to be updated
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

=========================================================================================================================
 Package                       Arch                 Version                          Repository                     Size
=========================================================================================================================
Installing:
 puppet                        noarch               2.7.25-1.el5                     puppet                        1.1 M
Installing for dependencies:
 augeas-libs                   x86_64               0.10.0-4.el5                     puppetlabs-deps               376 k
 facter                        x86_64               1:1.7.4-1.el5                    puppet                         87 k
 libselinux-ruby               x86_64               1.33.4-5.7.el5                   rhel-base                      61 k
 ruby                          x86_64               1.8.5-19.el5_6.1                 rhel-base                     276 k
 ruby-augeas                   x86_64               0.4.1-2.el5                      puppetlabs-deps                22 k
 ruby-libs                     x86_64               1.8.5-19.el5_6.1                 rhel-base                     1.6 M
 ruby-shadow                   x86_64               1.4.1-8.el5                      puppetlabs-deps                10 k

Transaction Summary
=========================================================================================================================
Install       8 Package(s)
Upgrade       0 Package(s)

Total download size: 3.6 M
Is this ok [y/N]: y
Downloading Packages:
(1/8): ruby-shadow-1.4.1-8.el5.x86_64.rpm                                                         |  10 kB     00:00     
(2/8): ruby-augeas-0.4.1-2.el5.x86_64.rpm                                                         |  22 kB     00:00     
(4/8): augeas-libs-0.10.0-4.el5.x86_64.rpm                                                        | 376 kB     00:03     
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total                                                                                    823 kB/s | 3.6 MB     00:04     
warning: rpmts_HdrFromFdno: Header V3 RSA/SHA1 signature: NOKEY, key ID 4bd6ec30
puppetlabs-deps/gpgkey                                                                            | 1.7 kB     00:00     
Importing GPG key 0x4BD6EC30 "Puppet Labs Release Key (Puppet Labs Release Key) <info@puppetlabs.com>" from /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-puppetlabs
Is this ok [y/N]: y
Running rpm_check_debug
Running Transaction Test
Finished Transaction Test
Transaction Test Succeeded
Running Transaction
  Installing     : ruby-libs                                                                                         1/8 
  Installing     : ruby                                                                                              2/8 
  Installing     : ruby-shadow                                                                                       3/8 
  Installing     : augeas-libs                                                                                       4/8 
  Installing     : ruby-augeas                                                                                       5/8 
  Installing     : libselinux-ruby                                                                                   6/8 
  Installing     : facter                                                                                            7/8 
  Installing     : puppet                                                                                            8/8 
duration: 668(ms)
Installed products updated.

Installed:
  puppet.noarch 0:2.7.25-1.el5                                                                                           

Dependency Installed:
  augeas-libs.x86_64 0:0.10.0-4.el5     facter.x86_64 1:1.7.4-1.el5          libselinux-ruby.x86_64 0:1.33.4-5.7.el5    
  ruby.x86_64 0:1.8.5-19.el5_6.1        ruby-augeas.x86_64 0:0.4.1-2.el5     ruby-libs.x86_64 0:1.8.5-19.el5_6.1        
  ruby-shadow.x86_64 0:1.4.1-8.el5     

Complete!

10、复制yum缓存下来的安装包至之前创建的puppet本地源,然后更新repo即可

[root@agent2 ~]# tree /var/cache/yum/puppetlabs-deps/packages/
/var/cache/yum/puppetlabs-deps/packages/
|-- augeas-libs-0.10.0-4.el5.x86_64.rpm
|-- ruby-augeas-0.4.1-2.el5.x86_64.rpm
`-- ruby-shadow-1.4.1-8.el5.x86_64.rpm

0 directories, 3 files

[root@agent2 ~]# createrepo --update /puppet/
6/6 - packages/ruby-augeas-0.4.1-2.el5.x86_64.rpm                               
Saving Primary metadata
Saving file lists metadata
Saving other metadata

通过以上操作基本上可以搞定本地yum源!

如果你懒得弄,可直接去以下网址 下载作者已经做好的yum源,包含了很多很难找的rpm包,非常方便。https://github.com/kisspuppet/foreman-repo