Puppet扩展篇3-如何扩展master的SSL传输性能(apache)

零基础学习Puppet自动化配置管理系列文档

描述:puppet使用SSL(https)协议来进行通讯,默认情况下,puppet server端使用基于Ruby的WEBRick HTTP服务器。由于WEBRick HTTP服务器在处理agent端的性能方面并不是很强劲,因此需要扩展puppet,搭建Apache或者其他强劲的web服务器来处理客户的https请求。

需要解决的问题:

  • 扩展传输方式:提高性能并增加Master和agent之间的并发连接数量。
  • 扩展SSL:采用良好的SSL证书管理方法来加密Master和agent之间的通讯。

参考:http://projects.puppetlabs.com/projects/1/wiki/Using_Passenger

1 使用Ruby Gem安装Passenger

[root@puppetserver etc]# yum install ruby-devel ruby-libs rubygems libcurl-devel
[root@puppetserver etc]# yum install httpd httpd-devel apr-util-devel apr-devel mod_ssl
[root@puppetserver repos]# gem install --local passenger-4.0.19.gem #自动解决依赖关系,进入gem包目录进行安装
Building native extensions.  This could take a while...
Successfully installed rake-10.0.1
Successfully installed daemon_controller-1.1.5
Successfully installed rack-1.5.2
Successfully installed passenger-4.0.19

2 整合Apache和Passenger

[root@puppetserver rpms]# yum install gcc-c++  gcc openssl-devel #源码包编译安装(安装需要apache gcc gcc-c++ openssl-devel开发包的支持)
[root@puppetserver etc]# passenger-install-apache2-module #按照相关提示解决依赖关系,安装完成之后会显示
…
The Apache 2 module was successfully installed.
Please edit your Apache configuration file, and add these lines:
   LoadModule passenger_module /usr/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/passenger-4.0.19/buildout/apache2/mod_passenger.so
   PassengerRoot /usr/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/passenger-4.0.19
   PassengerDefaultRuby /usr/bin/ruby
After you restart Apache, you are ready to deploy any number of Ruby on Rails
applications on Apache, without any further Ruby on Rails-specific
configuration!
…

3 配置Apache和Passenger

创建虚拟主机并加载passenger相关模块,注意证书路径要和puppet实际证书路径对应。虚拟主机配置Apache以监听在8140端口,并且使用SSL和Puppet Master生成的证书对所有通讯进行加密。同时还将配置Passenger来使系统的Ruby解释器并且提供Rack配置文件config.ru的路径

[root@puppetserver conf.d]# vim passenger.conf
LoadModule passenger_module /usr/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/passenger-4.0.19/buildout/apache2/mod_passenger.so
<IfModule mod_passenger.c>
   PassengerRoot /usr/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/passenger-4.0.19
   PassengerRuby /usr/bin/ruby
   PassengerHighPerformance on
   PassengerMaxPoolSize 12
   PassengerPoolIdleTime 1500
   PassengerStatThrottleRate 120
 # RailsAutoDetect On
</IfModule>
Listen 8140  #监听TCP 8140端口,这是PuppetMaster服务器的标准端口
<VirtualHost *:8140>
        SSLEngine on  #开始ssl加密
        SSLProtocol -ALL +SSLv3 +TLSv1
        SSLCipherSuite ALL:!ADH:RC4+RSA:+HIGH:+MEDIUM:-LOW:-SSLv2:-EXP #开启ssl加密
        SSLCertificateFile      /var/lib/puppet/ssl/certs/puppetserver.kisspuppet.com.pem 
        SSLCertificateKeyFile   /var/lib/puppet/ssl/private_keys/puppetserver.kisspuppet.com.pem
        SSLCertificateChainFile /var/lib/puppet/ssl/ca/ca_crt.pem
        SSLCACertificateFile    /var/lib/puppet/ssl/ca/ca_crt.pem
        SSLCARevocationFile     /var/lib/puppet/ssl/ca/ca_crt.pem #打开证书撤销功能,当我们颁发或撤销Puppet agent的证书时,Puppet cert命令会自动更关心ca_crl.pem文件
        SSLVerifyClient optional
        SSLVerifyDepth  1
        SSLOptions +StdEnvVars #配置Apache来验证Puppet agent证书的真实性。验证的结果会被保存在这个环境变量中,运行在Passenger中的Puppet master进程会使用这个变量来认证Puppet agent。
#Puppet agent证书验证的结果会以客户端请求头的形式存放在标准环境中。
        RequestHeader unset X-Forwarded-For
        RequestHeader set X-SSL-Subject %{SSL_CLIENT_S_DN}e
        RequestHeader set X-Client-DN %{SSL_CLIENT_S_DN}e
        RequestHeader set X-Client-Verify %{SSL_CLIENT_VERIFY}e
        DocumentRoot /etc/puppet/rack/puppetmaster/public/
        RackBaseURI /
#Rack为Web服务器提供了用来和Puppet这样的Ruby HTTP服务交换请求和响应的一些常用API。Rack经常被用于在多台Web服务器上部署如Puppet Dashboad这样的web程序。
        <Directory /etc/puppet/rack/puppetmaster/>  #虚拟主机部分
                Options None
                AllowOverride None
                Order allow,deny
                allow from all
        </Directory>
</VirtualHost>

[root@c1.inanu.net]# service httpd configtest  #检查apache配置语法是否正确
Warning: DocumentRoot [/etc/puppet/rack/puppetmaster/public/] does not exist
Syntax OK

备注:有关puppet虚拟主机配置可参考默认配置

/usr/share/puppet/ext/rack/files/apache2.conf

4 准备config.ru配置文件

[root@puppetserver rack]# mkdir -p /etc/puppet/rack/puppetmaster/{public,tmp} #为Rack和Puppet master的rack程序实例创建框架目录。
[root@puppetserver rack]# cp /usr/share/puppet/ext/rack/files/config.ru /etc/puppet/rack/puppetmaster/ 
[root@puppetserver rack]# vim /etc/puppet/rack/puppetmaster/config.ru  #默认即可
# a config.ru, for use with every rack-compatible webserver.
# SSL needs to be handled outside this, though.
# if puppet is not in your RUBYLIB:
# $:.unshift('/opt/puppet/lib')
$0 = "master"
# if you want debugging:
# ARGV << "--debug"
ARGV << "--rack"
require 'puppet/application/master'
# we're usually running inside a Rack::Builder.new {} block,
# therefore we need to call run *here*.
run Puppet::Application[:master].run 

备注: 如果需要最新的Rack配置文件,可以在Puppet最新发行版的ext目录找到。也可以在https://github.com/puppetlabs/puppet/tree/master/ext/rack/files找到。

[root@puppetserver rack]# chown puppet. /etc/puppet/rack/puppetmaster/config.ru #Rack配置文件config.ru的用户和组应该是puppet。当Apache启动时,Passenger会检查这个文件的所有者,并将其使用的账号从root切换到权限较低的puppet账户。

5 在Apache中测试PuppetMaster

[root@puppetserver ~]# /etc/rc.d/init.d/puppetmaster stop #停止puppetmaster进程
[root@puppetserver ~]# chkconfig puppetmaster off #防止开机自动启动
[root@puppetserver ~]# /etc/rc.d/init.d/httpd start #启动apache服务
[root@puppetserver ~]# chkconfig httpd off  #设置开机自动启动
[root@puppetserver ~]# netstat -nlp | grep 8140  #监听8140端口
tcp        0      0 :::8140             :::*          LISTEN      4162/httpd

测试一:通过浏览器(IE版本<9)访问https://172.16.200.100:8140/,出现以下信息,说明配置正确

apache+passenger替代WEBrick

测试二:在节点上运行puppet程序,在服务器端通过apache访问日志查看是否有puppet的请求,如果返回状态吗“200”表明这次请求时成功的。

[root@puppetserver conf.d]# tailf  /var/log/httpd/access_log
172.16.200.101 - - [22/Jul/2013:10:30:34 +0800] "GET /production/file_metadata/modules/mysql/etc/my.cnf? HTTP/1.1" 200 298 "-" "-"
172.16.200.101 - - [22/Jul/2013:10:30:34 +0800] "GET /production/file_metadata/modules/motd/etc/motd? HTTP/1.1" 200 295 "-" "-"
172.16.200.101 - - [22/Jul/2013:10:30:35 +0800] "PUT /production/report/agent1.kisspuppet.com HTTP/1.1" 200 14 "-" "-"
172.16.200.101 - - [22/Jul/2013:10:30:40 +0800] "POST /production/catalog/agent1.kisspuppet.com HTTP/1.1" 200 8346 "-" "-"
172.16.200.101 - - [22/Jul/2013:10:30:41 +0800] "GET /production/file_metadata/modules/ssh/etc/ssh/sshd_config? HTTP/1.1"

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