Puppet扩展篇6-通过横向扩展puppetmaster增加架构的灵活性

零基础学习Puppet自动化配置管理系列文档

puppetmaster横向扩展将采用以下架构进行部署,也可以参考《puppet实战》第246页的内容。

puppet集群扩展架构图

主机IP地址信息机用途表

puppet集群扩展架构图

工作原理:

  • 客户端通过配置ca_server指定CA服务器,以达到独立CA服务器的目的。
  • CA服务器可以部署在多个机房。
  • Master集群可以在同一机房配置负载均衡器,也可以使用DNS解析Puppet Master域名到不同机房的多台服务器,通过DNS实现负载均衡。

1、配置前的准备工作

1.1、版本

puppet采用版本3.4.3 负载均衡器采用nginx或haproxy进行测试部署

1.2、主机名解析

/etc/hosts
192.168.10.10    kspupt-ca1
192.168.10.9     kspupt-ca2    
192.168.10.20    kspupt-ca    
192.168.10.13    kspupt-lvs1    
192.168.10.11    kspupt-m1    
192.168.10.12    kspupt-m2    

1.3、时间统一 (略)

2、PuppetCA认证服务器部署

PuppetCA的唯一目的就是签署和撤销证书。当PuppetCA服务不可用时,新的客户端将不能获得证书,从而会影响使用,而已签发证书的客户端缺不受影响。因此将CA进行独立队架构,这对容错性而言是非常有必要的。

2.1 安装软件包

[root@kspupt-ca1 ~]# groupadd -g 3000 puppet
[root@kspupt-ca1 ~]# useradd -u 3000 -g 3000 puppet
[root@kspupt-ca1 ~]# yum install puppet puppet-server -y

2.2 临时配置VIP地址

[root@kspupt-ca1 ~]# ip addr add 192.168.10.20/24 dev eth0

注:后期CA配置成了高可用后,将VIP地址添加到高可用资源中即可,临时先绑定在CA1上。

2.3 生成证书

使用puppet cert命令生成CA服务器与服务器域名证书。生成puppetca和puppetmaster两个域名的授权证书文件。

[root@kspupt-ca1 ~]# puppet  cert --generate --dns_alt_names puppetca:puppet puppetca
[root@kspupt-ca1 ~]# puppet  cert --generate --dns_alt_names puppetmaster:puppet puppetmaster
[root@kspupt-ca1 ~]# puppet  cert --list --all  验证
+ "puppetca"     (SHA256) 76:1D:C1:90:23:45:43:A2:41:4B:3B:92:32:C4:BE:31:38:61:5B:42:03:D0:22:28:53:5B:6F:5E:99:5A:B8:94 (alt names: "DNS:puppetca", "DNS:puppetca:puppet")
+ "puppetmaster" (SHA256) 0A:A2:DC:22:B8:4C:EB:31:B0:52:8F:B0:21:72:DD:EB:C7:B4:05:97:45:B3:EA:19:3A:28:69:29:04:35:0F:E7 (alt names: "DNS:puppetmaster", "DNS:puppetmaster:puppet")

2.4 配置puppet.conf,添加标签[master]

[root@kspupt-ca1 ~]# vim /etc/puppet/puppet.conf 
[master]
    confdir   = /etc/puppet
    certname  = puppetca
    ca        = true    #开启CA认证

2.5 启动puppetmaster,CA部署完成

[root@kspupt-ca1 ssl]# /etc/init.d/puppetmaster start
[root@kspupt-ca1 ssl]# chkconfig puppetmaster on

kspupt-ca2配置(略)

3、PuppetMaster服务器部署

PuppetMaster服务器部署可采用默认的WebRick方式,也可以采用apache+passenger或nginx+passenger方式。

3.1 WebRick方式:

3.1.1 安装软件包

[root@kspupt-m1 ~]# groupadd -g 3000 puppet
[root@kspupt-m1 ~]# useradd -u 3000 -g 3000 puppet
[root@kspupt-m1 ~]# yum install puppet puppet-server -y

3.1.2 设置hosts文件

[root@kspupt-m1 ~]# vim /etc/hosts
192.168.10.20 puppetca
192.168.10.11 puppetmaster

3.1.3 创建证书目录

[root@kspupt-m1 ~]# mkdir /var/lib/puppet/ssl/{certs,ca,private_keys} -p

3.1.4 将puppetca上生成的puppetmaster公钥、私钥和根证书复制到kspupt-m1

[root@kspupt-m1 ssl]# scp -r root@192.168.10.39:/var/lib/puppet/ssl/ca/signed/puppetmaster.pem /var/lib/puppet/ssl/certs/puppetmaster.pem 
[root@kspupt-m1 ssl]# scp -r root@192.168.10.39:/var/lib/puppet/ssl/ca/ca_crt.pem  /var/lib/puppet/ssl/certs/ca.pem  
[root@kspupt-m1 ssl]# scp -r root@192.168.10.39:/var/lib/puppet/ssl/private_keys/puppetmaster.pem /var/lib/puppet/ssl/private_keys/puppetmaster.pem
[root@kspupt-m1 gem]# scp -r root@192.168.10.39:/var/lib/puppet/ssl/ca/ca_crl.pem /var/lib/puppet/ssl/ca/ca_crl.pem

3.1.5 配置puppet.conf,添加标签[master],关闭ca

[root@kspupt-m1 ~]# vim /etc/puppet/puppet.conf
[master]
    certname = puppetmaster
    ca       = false   #关闭CA认证

3.1.6 配置puppet.conf,修改标签[agent],增加server和ca_server字段

[root@kspupt-m1 ~]# vim /etc/puppet/puppet.conf
[agent]
    server      = puppetmaster
    ca_server   = puppetca

3.1.7 启动puppetmaster服务,Puppetmaster部署完成

[root@kspupt-m1 ~]# /etc/init.d/puppetmaster start

3.1.8 运行puppet命令进行本地证书申请

[root@kspupt-m1 ~]# puppet  agent -t
Info: Creating a new SSL key for kspupt-m1
Info: csr_attributes file loading from /etc/puppet/csr_attributes.yaml
Info: Creating a new SSL certificate request for kspupt-m1
Info: Certificate Request fingerprint (SHA256): 78:A5:F2:6C:F6:EE:0C:25:0C:EF:96:B8:B4:E6:78:74:A6:AA:67:81:6B:8F:36:AC:B2:37:B5:E0:C1:F0:11:67
Exiting; no certificate found and waitforcert is disabled

3.1.9 登录puppetca进行证书签发

[root@kspupt-ca ~]# puppet  cert --sign kspupt-m1
Notice: Signed certificate request for kspupt-m1
Notice: Removing file Puppet::SSL::CertificateRequest kspupt-m1 at '/var/lib/puppet/ssl/ca/requests/kspupt-m1.pem'

3.1.10 再次运行puppet命令进行测试连通性

[root@kspupt-m1 ~]# puppet  agent -t
Info: Caching certificate for kspupt-m1
Info: Caching certificate_revocation_list for ca
Info: Caching certificate for kspupt-m1
Info: Retrieving pluginfacts
Info: Retrieving plugin
Info: Caching catalog for kspupt-m1
Info: Applying configuration version '1409296030'
Info: Creating state file /var/lib/puppet/state/state.yaml
Notice: Finished catalog run in 0.02 seconds

3.1.11 在kspupt-ca上申请本地证书

[root@kspupt-ca ~]# vim /etc/puppet/puppet.conf
[agent]
    server    = puppetmaster
    ca_server = puppetca
[root@kspupt-ca ~]# puppet agent -t
[root@kspupt-ca ~]# puppet cert --sign kspupt-ca
[root@kspupt-ca ~]# puppet agent -t

3.2 Nginx+Passenger方式:

注:可参考 http://kisspuppet.com/2014/10/20/puppet_learning_ext4/

3.2.1、安装相关开发包

[root@kspupt-m1 ~]# groupadd -g 3001 nginx
[root@kspupt-m1 ~]# useradd -u 3001 -g 3001 nginx
[root@kspupt-m1 ~]# yum install ruby-devel gcc make pcre-devel zlib-devel openssl-devel pam-devel curl-devel rpm-build

3.2.2、安装passenger(将gem软件包copy到本地)

[root@kspupt-m1 gem]# gem install rake rack passenger --no-rdoc --no-ri

3.2.3、解压nginx、pcre源码包

[root@kspupt-m1 gem]# tar xf pcre-8.32.tar.gz -C /usr/local/src/
[root@kspupt-m1 gem]# tar xf nginx-1.4.2.tar.gz -C /usr/local/src/

3.2.4、编译并安装nginx

[root@kspupt-m1 ~]# cd /usr/local/src/nginx-1.4.2/
[root@kspupt-m1 nginx-1.4.2]# ./configure --user=nginx --group=nginx --prefix=/etc/nginx --with-http_stub_status_module --with-http_ssl_module --with-pcre=/usr/local/src/pcre-8.32 --add-module=`passenger-config --root`/ext/nginx
[root@kspupt-m1 nginx-1.4.2]# make && make install

3.2.5、与passenger结合

[root@kspupt-m1 nginx-1.4.2]# mkdir  -p /etc/puppet/rack/public
[root@kspupt-m1 nginx-1.4.2]# cp /usr/share/puppet/ext/rack/config.ru  /etc/puppet/rack/
[root@kspupt-m1 nginx-1.4.2]# chown -R puppet. /etc/puppet/rack/

3.2.6、复制启动脚本到

[root@kspupt-m1 init.d]# cp /root/gem/nginx /etc/init.d/
[root@kspupt-m1 ~]# chmod a+x /etc/init.d/nginx 

3.2.7、配置nginx

[root@kspupt-m1 gem]# vim /etc/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
user  nginx nginx;
worker_processes  1;
pid        /var/run/nginx.pid;
events {
    worker_connections  1024;
}
http {
    passenger_root /usr/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/passenger-4.0.19;
    passenger_ruby /usr/bin/ruby;
    include       mime.types;
    default_type  application/octet-stream;
    sendfile        on;
    keepalive_timeout  65;

    server {
        listen 8140                ssl;
    server_name                puppetmaster;
    passenger_enabled          on;
    passenger_set_cgi_param    HTTP_X_CLIENT_DN $ssl_client_s_dn;
    passenger_set_cgi_param    HTTP_X_CLIENT_VERIFY $ssl_client_verify;
    proxy_buffer_size 4000k;
    proxy_buffering on;
    proxy_buffers 32 1280k;
    proxy_busy_buffers_size 17680k;
    client_max_body_size 10m;
    client_body_buffer_size 4096k;
    access_log /var/log/nginx/puppet_access.log;
    error_log /var/log/nginx/puppet_error.log;
    root /etc/puppet/rack/public;
    ssl off;
    ssl_session_timeout 5m;
    ssl_certificate /var/lib/puppet/ssl/certs/puppetmaster.pem;
    ssl_certificate_key /var/lib/puppet/ssl/private_keys/puppetmaster.pem;
    ssl_client_certificate /var/lib/puppet/ssl/certs/ca.pem;
    ssl_crl /var/lib/puppet/ssl/ca/ca_crl.pem;
    ssl_verify_client optional;
    ssl_ciphers SSLv2:-LOW:-EXPORT:RC4+RSA;
    ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;
    ssl_verify_depth 1;
    ssl_session_cache shared:SSL:128m;
    # File sections
    location /production/file_content/files/ {
      types { }
      default_type application/x-raw;
      alias /etc/puppet/files/;
  }
 }
}

3.2.8、配置puppet.conf

[root@kspupt-m1 ~]# vim /etc/puppet/puppet.conf 
[master]
    certname = puppetmaster
    ca       = false
    ssl_client_verify_header = HTTP_X_CLIENT_VERIFY
    ssl_client_header = HTTP_X_CLIENT_DN

3.2.9、启动nginx

[root@kspupt-m1 gem]# mkdir /var/log/nginx/
[root@kspupt-m1 nginx-1.4.2]# /etc/init.d/puppetmaster stop
[root@kspupt-m1 nginx-1.4.2]# chkconfig puppetmaster off
[root@kspupt-m1 nginx-1.4.2]# /etc/init.d/nginx start
[root@kspupt-m1 nginx-1.4.2]# chkconfig nginx on

3.2.10、测试

在多个节点发起puppet agent -t命令动作

[root@kspupt-ca ~]# puppet  agent -t
[root@kspupt-m1 ~]# puppet  agent -t
[root@kspupt-m1 ~]# tailf  /var/log/nginx/puppet_access.log

tkpupt-m2安装(略)

4 Puppet LB负载均衡器部署

4.1 puppet认证建立

4.1.1、安装软件包

[root@kspupt-lvs1 ~]# groupadd -g 3000 puppet
[root@kspupt-lvs1 ~]# useradd -u 3000 -g 3000 puppet
[root@kspupt-lvs1 ~]# yum install puppet

4.1.2、编辑hosts文件

[root@kspupt-lvs1 ~]# vim /etc/hosts
192.168.10.20 puppetca
192.168.10.11 puppetmaster
192.168.10.13 kspupt-lvs1

4.1.3、创建证书目录

[root@kspupt-lvs1 ~]# mkdir /var/lib/puppet/ssl/{certs,ca,private_keys} -p

4.1.4、将kspupt-ca上生成的puppetmaster公钥、私钥和根证书复制到kspupt-lvs1

[root@kspupt-lvs1 ssl]# scp -r root@192.168.10.10:/var/lib/puppet/ssl/ca/signed/puppetmaster.pem /var/lib/puppet/ssl/certs/puppetmaster.pem 
[root@kspupt-lvs1 ssl]# scp -r root@192.168.10.10:/var/lib/puppet/ssl/ca/ca_crt.pem  /var/lib/puppet/ssl/certs/ca.pem  
[root@kspupt-lvs1 ssl]# scp -r root@192.168.10.10:/var/lib/puppet/ssl/private_keys/puppetmaster.pem /var/lib/puppet/ssl/private_keys/puppetmaster.pem
[root@kspupt-lvs1 ssl]# scp -r root@192.168.10.10:/var/lib/puppet/ssl/ca/ca_crl.pem /var/lib/puppet/ssl/ca/

4.1.5、配置puppet.conf,修改标签[agent],增加server和ca_server字段

[root@kspupt-lvs1 ~]# vim /etc/puppet/puppet.conf
[agent]
    server      = puppetmaster
    ca_server   = puppetca

4.1.6、运行puppet命令进行本地证书申请

[root@kspupt-lvs1 ~]# puppet  agent -t 

4.1.7、登录kspupt-ca进行证书签发

[root@kspupt-ca1 ~]# puppet  cert --sign kspupt-lvs1

4.1.8、再次运行puppet命令进行测试连通性

[root@kspupt-lvs1 ~]# puppet  agent -t
Info: Retrieving pluginfacts
Info: Retrieving plugin
Info: Caching catalog for kspupt-lvs1
Info: Applying configuration version '1409210667'

4.2 安装并配置nginx负载均衡器

4.2.1、安装nginx软件

[root@kspupt-lvs1 ~]# groupadd -g 3001 nginx
[root@kspupt-lvs1 ~]# useradd -u 3001 -g 3001 nginx
[root@kspupt-lvs1 ~]# yum install nginx

4.2.2、临时设置VIP地址(后面通过高可用软件代替)

[root@kspupt-lvs1 ~]# ip addr add 192.168.10.18/24 dev eth0

4.2.3、配置nginx虚拟主机,添加upstrem

[root@kspupt-lvs1 ~]# vim /etc/nginx/conf.d/puppetmaster.conf
upstream puppet-master {
   server 192.168.10.11:8140;
   server 192.168.10.12:8140;
}
server {
   listen         8140 ssl;
   server_name    puppetmaster;
   access_log     /var/log/nginx/puppet_access.log;
   error_log      /var/log/nginx/puppet_error.log;
   ssl_protocols SSLv3 TLSv1;
   ssl_ciphers ALL:!ADH:RC4+RSA:+HIGH:+MEDIUM:-LOW:-SSLv2:-EXP;
   proxy_set_header             X-SSL-Subject  $ssl_client_s_dn;
   proxy_set_header             X-Client-DN  $ssl_client_s_dn;
   proxy_set_header             X-Client-Verify  $ssl_client_verify;
   client_max_body_size 100m;
   client_body_buffer_size 1024k;
   proxy_buffer_size 100m;
   proxy_buffers 8 100m;
   proxy_busy_buffers_size 100m;
   proxy_temp_file_write_size 100m;
   proxy_read_timeout 500;

   ssl                     on;
   ssl_session_timeout     5m;
   ssl_certificate         /var/lib/puppet/ssl/certs/puppetmaster.pem;
   ssl_certificate_key     /var/lib/puppet/ssl/private_keys/puppetmaster.pem;
   ssl_client_certificate  /var/lib/puppet/ssl/certs/ca.pem;
   ssl_crl                 /var/lib/puppet/ssl/ca/ca_crl.pem;
   ssl_verify_client       optional;
   ssl_prefer_server_ciphers  on;
   ssl_verify_depth           1;
   ssl_session_cache          shared:SSL:128m;
   location / {
         proxy_redirect    off;
         proxy_pass        https://puppet-master;
  }
}

4.2.4、编辑hosts文件,puppetmaster解析指向VIP

[root@kspupt-lvs1 ~]# vim /etc/hosts
192.168.10.20 puppetca
192.168.10.18 puppetmaster
192.168.10.13 kspupt-lvs1

4.2.5、修改kspupt-ca和kspupt-m1的hosts文件puppetmaster解析

[root@kspupt-ca1 ~]# vim /etc/hosts
192.168.10.20 puppetca
192.168.10.18 puppetmaster
[root@kspupt-m1 ~]# vim /etc/hosts
192.168.10.20 puppetca
192.168.10.18 puppetmaster

4.2.6、启动nginx服务器

[root@kspupt-lvs1 ~]# /etc/init.d/nginx start

4.2.7、再次运行puppet命令进行测试连通性

[root@kspupt-ca1 ~]# puppet  agent -t
[root@kspupt-m1 ~]# puppet  agent -t
[root@kspupt-lvs1 ~]# puppet  agent -t
[root@kspupt-m1 ~]# tailf  /var/log/nginx/puppet_access.log
[root@kspupt-lvs1 ~]# tailf /var/log/nginx/puppet_access.log

kspupt-lvs2(略)

4.3 HAproxy负载均衡配置参考

[root@kspupt-lvs2 ~]# cat /etc/haproxy/haproxy.cfg
listen admin_stats 
    bind 0.0.0.0:8080
    mode http
    stats refresh 5s
    stats enable
    stats hide-version
    stats realm Haproxy\ Statistics
    stats uri /haproxy
    stats auth admin:password
listen puppetmaster *:8140
    mode tcp
    option ssl-hello-chk
#    option tcplog
    #balance source
#    balance roundrobin
    balance source
    server kspupt-m1 kspupt-m1:8140 check inter 2000 fall 3
    server kspupt-m2 kspupt-m2:8140 check inter 2000 fall 3

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