MCollective架构篇4-MCollective各种插件的部署及测试

零基础学习Puppet自动化配置管理系列文档

MCollective只是一个框架,如果需要在上面发挥各种作用,那就需要各种插件的支持。官方提供了很多这方面的插件,除此之外,还有第三方的插件,比如shell插件等,下面会介绍各种插件的安装,以及插件之间如何组合进行使用。

1、在mcollective client端和server端安装各种官网plugins

首先去官网下载各个插件 http://yum.puppetlabs.com

1.1 下载collective-client端

[root@linuxmaster1poc ~]# rpm -qa | grep mco
mcollective-service-common-3.1.2-1.noarch
mcollective-client-2.2.4-1.el6.noarch
mcollective-service-client-3.1.2-1.noarch
mcollective-common-2.2.4-1.el6.noarch
mcollective-iptables-common-3.0.1-1.noarch
mcollective-filemgr-client-1.0.1-1.noarch
mcollective-nrpe-client-3.0.2-1.noarch
mcollective-puppet-client-1.6.0-1.noarch
mcollective-nrpe-common-3.0.2-1.noarch
mcollective-filemgr-common-1.0.1-1.noarch
mcollective-iptables-client-3.0.1-1.noarch
mcollective-puppet-common-1.6.0-1.noarch
mcollective-facter-facts-1.0.0-1.noarch
mcollective-package-client-4.2.0-1.noarch
mcollective-package-common-4.2.0-1.noarch

1.2 下载mcollecitve-server端

[root@linux57poc ~]# rpm -qa | grep mco
mcollective-nrpe-common-3.0.2-1
mcollective-puppet-common-1.6.0-1
mcollective-iptables-common-3.0.1-1
mcollective-iptables-agent-3.0.1-1
mcollective-2.2.4-1.el5
mcollective-package-common-4.2.0-1
mcollective-service-common-3.1.2-1
mcollective-service-agent-3.1.2-1
mcollective-puppet-agent-1.6.0-1
mcollective-package-agent-4.2.0-1
mcollective-filemgr-common-1.0.1-1
mcollective-common-2.2.4-1.el5
mcollective-facter-facts-1.0.0-1
mcollective-filemgr-agent-1.0.1-1
mcollective-nrpe-agent-3.0.2-1

以上安装可写个package模块执行,以下只针对mcollective server端,安装完成之后记得重启服务,如果写了service模块可以自动刷新

1.3 编写plugins.pp

class mcollective::plugins{
  include mcollective::plugins_puppet,
    mcollective::plugins_facter,
    mcollective::plugins_filemgr,
    mcollective::plugins_iptables,
#   mcollective::plugins_nettest, #这个安装需要依赖包 ruby-net-ping,没找到
    mcollective::plugins_nrpe,
    mcollective::plugins_package,
    mcollective::plugins_service
}
#mco-client need install mcollective-puppet-client and mcollective-puppet-common
class mcollective::plugins_puppet{
  package { ['mcollective-puppet-agent','mcollective-puppet-common']:
    ensure  => installed,
    require => Class["mcollective::install"]
  }
}
#mco-client need install mcollective-facter-facts
class mcollective::plugins_facter{
  package { 'mcollective-facter-facts':
    ensure  => installed,
    require => Class["mcollective::install"]
  }
}
#mco-client need install mcollective-filemgr-client and mcollective-filemgr-common
class mcollective::plugins_filemgr{
  package { ['mcollective-filemgr-agent','mcollective-filemgr-common']:
    ensure  => installed,
    require => Class["mcollective::install"]
  }
}
#mco-client need install mcollective-iptables-client and mcollective-iptables-common
class mcollective::plugins_iptables{
  package { ['mcollective-iptables-agent','mcollective-iptables-common']:
    ensure  => installed,
    require => Class["mcollective::install"]
  }
}
#mco-client need install mcollective-nettest-client and mcollective-nettest-common
class mcollective::plugins_nettest{
  package { ['mcollective-nettest-agent','mcollective-nettest-common']:
    ensure  => installed,
    require => Class["mcollective::install"]
  }
}
#mco-client need install mcollective-nrpe-client and mcollective-nrpe-common
class mcollective::plugins_nrpe{
  package { ['mcollective-nrpe-agent','mcollective-nrpe-common']:
    ensure  => installed,
    require => Class["mcollective::install"]
  }
}
#mco-client need install mcollective-package-client and mcollective-package-common
class mcollective::plugins_package{
  package { ['mcollective-package-agent','mcollective-package-common']:
    ensure  => installed,
    require => Class["mcollective::install"]
  }
}
#mco-client need install mcollective-service-client and mcollective-service-common
class mcollective::plugins_service{
  package { ['mcollective-service-agent','mcollective-service-common']:
    ensure  => installed,
    require => Class["mcollective::install"]
  }
}

1.4 编写conf.pp

class mcollective::service{
  service { 'mcollective':
    ensure     => running,
    hasstatus  => true,
    hasrestart => true,
    enable     => true,
    subscribe  => Class['mcollective::config'],
  }
}

1.5 mcollective-client端安装好之后,可通过mco命令查看

[root@linuxmaster1poc ~]# mco 
The Marionette Collective version 2.2.4
usage: /usr/bin/mco command <options>
Known commands:
   completion           facts                filemgr             
   find                 help                 inventory           
   iptables             nrpe                 package             
   ping                 plugin               puppet              
   rpc                  service              shell               
Type '/usr/bin/mco help' for a detailed list of commands and '/usr/bin/mco help command'
to get detailed help for a command

1.6 mcollective-server端安装好之后,可在mco-client端查看

[root@linuxmaster1poc ~]# mco inventory linux57poc
Inventory for linux57poc:
   Server Statistics:
                      Version: 2.2.4
                   Start Time: Fri Dec 13 08:15:46 +0800 2013
                  Config File: /etc/mcollective/server.cfg
                  Collectives: mcollective
              Main Collective: mcollective
                   Process ID: 23268
               Total Messages: 16
      Messages Passed Filters: 16
            Messages Filtered: 0
             Expired Messages: 0
                 Replies Sent: 15
         Total Processor Time: 0.71 seconds
                  System Time: 0.15 seconds
   Agents: #都加载上了
      discovery       filemgr         nrpe           
      package         puppet          rpcutil        
      service         shell                          
   Data Plugins:
      agent           fstat           nrpe           
      puppet          resource        service        
   Configuration Management Classes:
      No classes applied
   Facts:
      architecture => x86_64
      augeasversion => 0.10.0
      bios_release_date => 06/22/2012
      bios_vendor => Phoenix Technologies LTD
      bios_version => 6.00
      blockdevice_fd0_size => 4096
      blockdevice_hdc_size => 3834736640
    。。。

注意: 接下来测试各种命令的操作组合,这里只举一些例子,更多信息可参考--help或者参考官网

2、安装shell插件

插件下载地址:https://github.com/kisspuppet/mcollective-plugins,有github客户端的童鞋可直接clone https://github.com/kisspuppet/mcollective-plugins.git

2.1、下载插件放在对应的目录里即可

mcollective-client端
[root@linuxmaster1poc ~]# ll /usr/libexec/mcollective/mcollective/application/ | grep shell
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  1601 Aug  6 06:36 shell.rb
[root@linuxmaster1poc ~]# ll /usr/libexec/mcollective/mcollective/agent/ | grep shell
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1017 Aug  6 06:36 shell.ddl
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  862 Aug  6 06:36 shell.rb
mcollective-server端
[root@linux57poc agent]# ll /usr/libexec/mcollective/mcollective/agent/ | grep shell
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1017 Aug  6 06:36 shell.ddl
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  862 Aug  6 06:36 shell.rb

备注:mcollective-server端部署完成之后,记得重启mcollective服务。

2.2、 查看shell插件是否加载成功

从下面可以看出mcollective-client端shell插件已经有了

[root@linuxmaster1poc ~]# mco The Marionette Collective version 2.2.4 usage: /usr/bin/mco command Known commands: completion facts find
help inventory ping
plugin puppet rpc
shell #shell插件加载OK
Type '/usr/bin/mco help' for a detailed list of commands and '/usr/bin/mco help command' to get detailed help for a command

从下面可以看出mcollective-server端shell插件也加载了

[root@linuxmaster1poc ~]# mco inventory linux57poc 
Inventory for linux57poc:
   Server Statistics:
                      Version: 2.2.4
                   Start Time: Fri Dec 13 01:14:14 +0800 2013
                  Config File: /etc/mcollective/server.cfg
                  Collectives: mcollective
              Main Collective: mcollective
                   Process ID: 23898
               Total Messages: 10
      Messages Passed Filters: 10
            Messages Filtered: 0
             Expired Messages: 0
                 Replies Sent: 9
         Total Processor Time: 0.73 seconds
                  System Time: 0.17 seconds
   Agents:
      discovery       puppet          rpcutil        
      shell  #shell插件加载OK                                          
   Data Plugins:
      agent           fstat           puppet         
      resource                                       
   Configuration Management Classes:
      No classes applied
   Facts:
      architecture => x86_64
      augeasversion => 0.10.0
      bios_release_date => 06/22/2012
      bios_vendor => Phoenix Technologies LTD
      bios_version => 6.00
      blockdevice_fd0_size => 4096
      blockdevice_hdc_size => 3834736640
      blockdevice_sda_model => Virtual disk
      blockdevice_sda_size => 42949672960
    。。。

2.3、通过shell插件执行shell命令

mco shell帮助信息
[root@linuxmaster1poc ~]# mco shell --help
MCollective Distributed Shell
Usage:   mco shell <CMD>
  The CMD is a string
  EXAMPLES:
    mco shell uptime
        --np, --no-progress          Do not show the progress bar
    -1, --one                        Send request to only one discovered nodes
        --batch SIZE                 Do requests in batches
        --batch-sleep SECONDS        Sleep time between batches
        --limit-seed NUMBER          Seed value for deterministic random batching
        --limit-nodes, --ln, --limit COUNT
                                     Send request to only a subset of nodes, can be a percentage
    -j, --json                       Produce JSON output
        --display MODE               Influence how results are displayed. One of ok, all or failed
    -c, --config FILE                Load configuratuion from file rather than default
    -v, --verbose                    Be verbose
    -h, --help                       Display this screen
Common Options
    -T, --target COLLECTIVE          Target messages to a specific sub collective
        --dt, --discovery-timeout SECONDS
                                     Timeout for doing discovery
    -t, --timeout SECONDS            Timeout for calling remote agents
    -q, --quiet                      Do not be verbose
        --ttl TTL                    Set the message validity period
        --reply-to TARGET            Set a custom target for replies
        --dm, --disc-method METHOD   Which discovery method to use
        --do, --disc-option OPTION   Options to pass to the discovery method
        --nodes FILE                 List of nodes to address
Host Filters
    -W, --with FILTER                Combined classes and facts filter
    -S, --select FILTER              Compound filter combining facts and classes
    -F, --wf, --with-fact fact=val   Match hosts with a certain fact
    -C, --wc, --with-class CLASS     Match hosts with a certain config management class
    -A, --wa, --with-agent AGENT     Match hosts with a certain agent
    -I, --wi, --with-identity IDENT  Match hosts with a certain configured identity
The Marionette Collective 2.2.4

显示对端uptime命令负载情况

[root@linuxmaster1poc ~]# mco shell "uptime" 
Do you really want to send this command unfiltered? (y/n): y
Discovering hosts using the mc method for 2 second(s) .... 3
Host: linux58poc
Statuscode: 0
Output:
 02:45:02 up 21:10,  2 users,  load average: 0.00, 0.00, 0.00
Host: linux64poc
Statuscode: 0
Output:
 02:45:02 up 20:59,  1 user,  load average: 0.00, 0.00, 0.00
Host: linux57poc
Statuscode: 0
Output:
 02:45:02 up 21:04,  3 users,  load average: 0.00, 0.00, 0.00

显示所有节点/etc/password文件中puppet用户哪一行

[root@linuxmaster1poc ~]# mco shell "cat /etc/passwd | grep puppet" 
Do you really want to send this command unfiltered? (y/n): y
Discovering hosts using the mc method for 2 second(s) .... 3
Host: linux58poc
Statuscode: 0
Output:
puppet:x:52:52:Puppet:/var/lib/puppet:/sbin/nologin
Host: linux64poc
Statuscode: 0
Output:
puppet:x:52:52:Puppet:/var/lib/puppet:/sbin/nologin
Host: linux57poc
Statuscode: 0
Output:
puppet:x:52:52:Puppet:/var/lib/puppet:/sbin/nologin

修改其中一台主机的root密码

[root@linuxmaster1poc ~]# mco shell "echo redhat | passwd root --stdin" -I linux57poc 
Host: linux57poc
Statuscode: 0
Output:
Changing password for user root.
passwd: all authentication tokens updated successfully.

备注:更多操作步骤可参考mco shell --help帮助。

警告:基于mcollective的shell插件虽然功能很强大,除了动态显示的命令之外,其它root能操作的,它基本上都能操作。所以操作也非常危险,可根据生产环境实际情况而定。

注意: 接下来测试各种命令的操作组合,这里只举一些例子,更多信息可参考--help或者参考官网

3、组合mcollective各种plugins完成各种任务组合

3.1、停止操作系统为RHEL5.x服务器的crond任务

先查看5.x系统crond的状态,使用插件 service、facts

[root@linuxmaster1poc ~]# mco service crond status -F operatingsystemmajrelease=5
 * [ ============================================================> ] 2 / 2
   linux57poc: running
   linux58poc: running
Summary of Service Status:
   running = 2
Finished processing 2 / 2 hosts in 184.79 ms

然后通过service插件停止服务,使用插件 service、facts

[root@linuxmaster1poc ~]# mco service crond stop -F operatingsystemmajrelease=5
 * [ ============================================================> ] 2 / 2
Summary of Service Status:
   stopped = 2
Finished processing 2 / 2 hosts in 914.76 ms

再次查看过滤的主机crond服务是否被停掉,使用插件 service、facts

[root@linuxmaster1poc ~]# mco service crond status -F operatingsystemmajrelease=5
 * [ ============================================================> ] 2 / 2
   linux57poc: stopped
   linux58poc: stopped
Summary of Service Status:
   stopped = 2
Finished processing 2 / 2 hosts in 125.87 ms

也可以通过shell插件实现,使用到插件为shell、service、facts

[root@linuxmaster1poc ~]# mco shell "service crond status" -F operatingsystemmajrelease=5
Discovering hosts using the mc method for 2 second(s) .... 2
Host: linux57poc
Statuscode: 3
Output:
crond is stopped
Host: linux58poc
Statuscode: 3
Output:
crond is stopped

3.2、使用mco对自定义fact_apply4=app的主机做一次变更,要求环境为testing,模式为noop

首先查看下那些主机具备有这个自定义fact,使用的插件为find、inventory

[root@linuxmaster1poc ~]# for i in `mco find` ; do echo $i; mco inventory $i | grep fact_apply4; done
linux58poc
  fact_apply4 => app
linux57poc
linux64poc
  fact_apply4 => app

其次按要求做变更即可,使用到的插件为puppet,facts

[root@linuxmaster1poc ~]# mco puppet -v runonce --environment=testing --noop -F fact_apply4=app
Discovering hosts using the mc method for 2 second(s) .... 2
 * [ ============================================================> ] 2 / 2
linux64poc                              : OK
    {:summary=>      "Started a background Puppet run using the 'puppet agent --onetime --daemonize --color=false --splay --splaylimit 30 --noop --environment testing' command"}
linux58poc                              : OK
    {:summary=>      "Started a background Puppet run using the 'puppet agent --onetime --daemonize --color=false --splay --splaylimit 30 --noop --environment testing' command"}
---- rpc stats ----
           Nodes: 2 / 2
     Pass / Fail: 2 / 0
      Start Time: Fri Dec 13 09:10:50 +0800 2013
  Discovery Time: 2003.32ms
      Agent Time: 884.34ms
      Total Time: 2887.67ms

变更完成后,迅速查看节点运行情况,使用到的插件为puppet [root@linuxmaster1poc ~]# mco puppet status

 * [ ============================================================> ] 3 / 3
   linux64poc: Currently idling; last completed run 54 seconds ago
   linux58poc: Currently applying a catalog; last completed run 1 minutes 12 seconds ago
   linux57poc: Currently stopped; last completed run 22 minutes 57 seconds ago
Summary of Applying:
   false = 2
    true = 1
Summary of Daemon Running:
   running = 2
   stopped = 1
Summary of Enabled:
   enabled = 3
Summary of Idling:
   false = 2
    true = 1
Summary of Status:
               idling = 1
              stopped = 1
   applying a catalog = 1
Finished processing 3 / 3 hosts in 263.72 ms

3.3、远程改所有系统为RHEL6.4主机root的密码,使用到的插件为shell,facts

[root@linuxmaster1poc ~]# mco shell "echo redhat | passwd root --stdin" -F operatingsystemrelease=6.4
Discovering hosts using the mc method for 2 second(s) .... 1
Host: linux64poc
Statuscode: 0
Output:
Changing password for user root.
passwd: all authentication tokens updated successfully.

3.4、查看所有节点puppet和facter安装包的版本信息,使用到的插件为package

[root@linuxmaster1poc ~]# mco package status puppet
 * [ ============================================================> ] 3 / 3
   linux64poc: puppet-2.7.23-1.el6.noarch
   linux57poc: puppet-2.7.23-1.el5.noarch
   linux58poc: puppet-2.7.23-1.el5.noarch
Summary of Arch:
   noarch = 3
Summary of Ensure:
   2.7.23-1.el5 = 2
   2.7.23-1.el6 = 1
Finished processing 3 / 3 hosts in 635.21 ms

[root@linuxmaster1poc ~]# mco package status facter
 * [ ============================================================> ] 3 / 3
   linux58poc: facter-1.7.3-1.el5.x86_64
   linux64poc: facter-1.7.3-1.el6.x86_64
   linux57poc: facter-1.7.3-1.el5.x86_64
Summary of Arch:
   x86_64 = 3
Summary of Ensure:
   1.7.3-1.el5 = 2
   1.7.3-1.el6 = 1
Finished processing 3 / 3 hosts in 124.99 ms

更多的功能可通过以下方式查看:

[root@linuxmaster1poc ~]# mco puppet -h
Schedule runs, enable, disable and interrogate the Puppet Agent
Usage: mco puppet [OPTIONS] [FILTERS] <ACTION> [CONCURRENCY|MESSAGE]
Usage: mco puppet <count|enable|status|summary>
Usage: mco puppet disable [message]
Usage: mco puppet runonce [PUPPET OPTIONS]
Usage: mco puppet resource type name property1=value property2=value
Usage: mco puppet runall [--rerun SECONDS] [PUPPET OPTIONS]
The ACTION can be one of the following:
    count    - return a total count of running, enabled, and disabled nodes
    enable   - enable the Puppet Agent if it was previously disabled
    disable  - disable the Puppet Agent preventing catalog from being applied
    resource - manage individual resources using the Puppet Type (RAL) system
    runall   - invoke a puppet run on matching nodes, making sure to only run
               CONCURRENCY nodes at a time
    runonce  - invoke a Puppet run on matching nodes
    status   - shows a short summary about each Puppet Agent status
    summary  - shows resource and run time summaries
        --force                      Bypass splay options when running
        --server SERVER              Connect to a specific server or port
        --tags, --tag TAG            Restrict the run to specific tags
        --noop                       Do a noop run
        --no-noop                    Do a run with noop disabled
        --environment ENVIRONMENT    Place the node in a specific environment for this run
        --splay                      Splay the run by up to splaylimit seconds
        --no-splay                   Do a run with splay disabled
        --splaylimit SECONDS         Maximum splay time for this run if splay is set
        --ignoreschedules            Disable schedule processing
        --rerun SECONDS              When performing runall do so repeatedly with a minimum run time of SECONDS
        --np, --no-progress          Do not show the progress bar
    -1, --one                        Send request to only one discovered nodes
        --batch SIZE                 Do requests in batches
        --batch-sleep SECONDS        Sleep time between batches
        --limit-seed NUMBER          Seed value for deterministic random batching
        --limit-nodes, --ln, --limit COUNT
                                     Send request to only a subset of nodes, can be a percentage
    -j, --json                       Produce JSON output
        --display MODE               Influence how results are displayed. One of ok, all or failed
    -c, --config FILE                Load configuratuion from file rather than default
    -v, --verbose                    Be verbose
    -h, --help                       Display this screen
Common Options
    -T, --target COLLECTIVE          Target messages to a specific sub collective
        --dt, --discovery-timeout SECONDS
                                     Timeout for doing discovery
    -t, --timeout SECONDS            Timeout for calling remote agents
    -q, --quiet                      Do not be verbose
        --ttl TTL                    Set the message validity period
        --reply-to TARGET            Set a custom target for replies
        --dm, --disc-method METHOD   Which discovery method to use
        --do, --disc-option OPTION   Options to pass to the discovery method
        --nodes FILE                 List of nodes to address
Host Filters
    -W, --with FILTER                Combined classes and facts filter
    -S, --select FILTER              Compound filter combining facts and classes
    -F, --wf, --with-fact fact=val   Match hosts with a certain fact
    -C, --wc, --with-class CLASS     Match hosts with a certain config management class
    -A, --wa, --with-agent AGENT     Match hosts with a certain agent
    -I, --wi, --with-identity IDENT  Match hosts with a certain configured identity
The Marionette Collective 2.2.4

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